According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) antibiotic resistance, which is when bacteria change in response to the use of oral, injectable and topical antibiotics, is one of the biggest threats to global health. WHO says that infections like pneumonia – a health risk for people with uncontrolled diabetes – are becoming more difficult to treat as a result of antibiotic resistance.
WHAT CAUSES ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE?
NPS MedicineWise says that major causes of antibiotic resistance include using antibiotics when they aren't actually needed, and failing to take following prescriptions correctly. Australia has one of the highest rates of antibiotic use in the world, which means that Australians have an elevated chance of developing antibiotic resistance.
HOW CAN I PREVENT IT?
In order to prevent antibiotic resistance, WHO advises:
- Only using antibiotics that have been prescribed by a certified health professional, and following their directions for use
- Never sharing or using leftover antibiotics
- Preventing the spread of infections with regular hand washing, practicing safer sex and staying on top of vaccinations